Tag Archives: Historical Archaeology Field School

Reading buildings…


Willow Court Barracks. Photo credit: Ian Edmondson

Reading Buildings

By Ian Edmondson, Graduate Diploma in Archaeology and Heritage Management student.

The Willow Court complex is architecturally confounding, an eclectic mismatch of buildings liberally scattered over a broad acreage. The observer is engaged initially by a confusing array of architectural styles. Buildings have been adapted, altered or added in response to changes in (mostly European) architectural trends (Georgian, Victorian, Gothic Revival, Art Deco) with varying functional and stylistic features. Changes in use, evolving beliefs, managerial decisions and changing practices and technologies of caregiving have all influenced the architectural decisions taken at the site and added to the complexity of interpreting the standing buildings.

The Willow Court Barracks (1830-1833) creates, envelops and commands space. In 1832, convicts represented almost thirty five percent of Hobart’s population (Solomon 1976) and the commanding architectural style of the Barracks reflects a need to maintain rule and control. The symmetry that is evident is intentional, and typical of the Georgian style (Irving 1985). Where room arrangement or construction materials failed to maintain this order to the outside viewer, false elements were placed instead, including blind windows in trompe l’oeil (blank spaces structured and painted to look like windows) and rough brickwork that was rendered and pointed to mimic fine cut sandstone.


“Blind” windows featuring trompe l’oeil decoration. Photo credit: Ian Edmondson

As archaeologists we strive to read spaces and places more deeply, seeking evidence, signs and symbols to recreate a story of the past. Piddock describes institutional spaces in asylums as artefacts in themselves, not mere buildings (2007).

At a deeper level of reading we observe evidence of human occupation. The wear that is evident on steps from hundreds of feet ascending and descending gives clues to the common paths that people used, indicating areas of greater or lesser use. We imagine the feet that caused them and think about where they might have been coming from, or going to. We read the wear on door handles, hand-smoothed edges of window and door frames, observe changes in floorboards and note former exits, altered claddings and the age of fittings.

Use Wear… Stair, sill and doorstep wear from the Willow Court Barracks. Photo credit Ian Edmondson

On the false external window sills there are obvious marks of wear (presumably from resting bottoms), which show the importance of claiming private space in a public domain. Here is evidence that suggests occupants enjoying a conversation away from watching eyes, and perhaps avoiding being seen while doing it.

The pencil scribbling of letters and numbers on external walls tells a more personal story. They are not coherent words or expression of feelings, but signs and symbols of boredom, confusion, perhaps despair. They might also reflect moments of enjoyment or happiness, tucked into a warm, sheltered corner, claiming personal space.

Written and numeric graffiti, Willow Court complex. Photo credit Ian Edmondson

Through reading buildings we can begin to appreciate the past experiences of those within them. Buildings, in their spatial arrangement, have the capacity shape social interaction, to order and structure human behavior, and to create or prevent social connections. Built environments have the power to condition how we think, feel and behave (Greenman 1988).

The Willow Court complex is sited in an elevated position within a beautiful river valley. Before we consider what lies under the ground, perhaps we need to read the broader aspect of its position and location and look outwards, to appreciate the beauty of the distant hills and trees, imagine the changing seasons, and see beyond the institutional spaces.


New Norfolk from Pulpit Rock Lookout: Photo Credit: JJ Harrison


Greenman, J. 1988 Caring Spaces, Learning Places: Children’s Environments That Work. Redmond, WA: Exchange Press.

Irving, R. 1985 The History and Design of the Australian House. Sydney: Oxford.

Piddock, S. 2007 A Space of Their Own: The Archaeology of Nineteenth Century Lunatic Asylums in Britain, South Australia and Tasmania. New York: Springer.

Solomon, R.J. 1976 Urbanisation: The Evolution of an Australian Capital. Sydney: Angus and Robertson.


Willow Court History Group

Georgian Architecture: False, or “blind” windows

Georgian Architectural Style and Features

What lies beneath us?

The Historical Archaeology Field School of 2015 was held at Magpie Gully Ruin, located in the Sturt Gorge Recreation Park. The purpose of this field school was to learn more about the site and to have the opportunity to practice our archaeological skills, some of which were new to us. Students had a total of 5 days, working 9 till 5, measuring, recording excavating and photographing, as well as cleaning. Our group had the task of excavating Trench A, which was home to fire ants, spiders and the occasional scorpion.

Trench A before the rubble was removed

Trench A before the rubble was removed (photo 1)

While removing the rubble and large rocks from our trenches, we decided that over the years the walls and chimney had collapsed. Evidence of structural damage was observed and noted.

Trench A after rubble was cleared away

Trench A after rubble was cleared away (photo 2)

photo 2

Trench A during excavation (photo 3)

In the photos you can clearly see the difference in the level of soil that was removed and sieved in photos 2 and 3. In photos 3 and 4, there is a faint visible line on the interior of the stone wall showing how much soil was removed from Trench A. Once we had removed the rocks and cleared away the dirt we were surprised by what we had uncovered below the surface.

original brickwork flooring

Original brickwork flooring (photo 4)

Our group had uncovered brickwork flooring underneath the layers of rubble. We believed this to be the base layer of the original floor of the cottage. However, as shown in the photograph (4), the brickwork did not continue across the trench. It appeared that several bricks had been removed or broken off. Our group wondered whether other people living in the area may have needed supplies and possibly removed some of the bricks to use in their own home.

It would have been interesting if we were able to continue excavating to see if the original brickwork flooring extended across to the entrance of the cottage, rather than just around the fireplace.