On behalf of the South Australia Native Title Services, the primary industry partner in this project, the aim for this directed study report is to research the ten general locations where a collection of stone artefacts are believed to have been found and then investigate methods of repatriation for this collection. Donated by people in Winchelsea, Victoria, this collection was given to the South Australia Native Title Services in August 1998 by a representative, Trevor Abrahams, from the Wathaurong Aboriginal Cooperative. This Indigenous Corporation is based in North Geelong, Victoria and the artefacts within the collection are clearly marked as South Australian. The person who collected the artefacts had some knowledge of stone tool, as can be seen by the labels containing type of tool categories and stone materials.
The ten locations vary in specificity, and are as follows:
· South Australian Desert
· Coongie Lakes
· Coober Pedy
· Young(s) Lagoon
· Port McDonald (As Recorded)/ Port MacDonnell (SA)
· Mt Haywood (As Recorded)/ Mount Hayward (SA)/ Heywood (VIC)/ Mount Heywood (WA)
The Discussion/ Results/ Analysis section will be divided in two parts. The first half will be about the locations, including a map of South Australia showing the locations of the artefacts on a map, hopefully identifying any patterns. Each location will then be discussed separately. Topics of interest will include Traditional Owners, raw materials found nearby, well-known artefact types in the area, prior ethnographies, prior archaeological work, and environmental backgrounds. The second section will be about repatriation. This section will include a discussion about repatriation in general, and then focus more generally on stone tools. This section will cover options of repatriation, prior occurrences, issues and recommendations.
Snap Snap Snap!
Heading away on an archaeological field school?
Volunteering on an archaeological dig?
Taking a few artefact shots in the lab?
Photographic Scale Competition
is for you!
Taken a great archaeological shot?
With a Flinders departmental photographic scale?
Then enter to win a heap of great prizes –
$50.00, a Ted’s camera voucher
and a SUHR designer tee!
Closing date 20th October 2010
Don’t have a Flinders departmental scale?
Grab one from the Archaeology Technical Officers (SSS143)
My directed study is researching and determining the ideal practice when documenting and managing Indigenous Song-lines. This pilot project is being undertaken with guidance from the Aboriginal Heritage Branch, of Aboriginal Affairs and Reconciliation Division, of the Department of Premier’s Cabinet, in conjunction with the Viliwarinha Yura Aboriginal Corporation, with a focus on Kuyani Song-lines, mainly located on Yappala Station, just outside Hawker, South Australia. The purpose of this work is to research the context of, and methodologies used in the management of, song-lines and their associated material components, in Australian cultural heritage management, and to create effective formats that can be used on various budgets and time scales.
This work actually began half way through last year (2009), and since this time the project has consisted of several meetings, planning the logistics of field trips to Hawker, and four actual field trips. During these trips, the team focused on documenting only one particular Kuyani song-line, because, in fact, many “run through” Yappala Station. The documenting consisted of electronically recording the song-line in both Kuyani and English, and then plotting different components of the story on maps, using GPS points recorded from various sites within the song-line. Artefact scatters and other Indigenous heritage sites, within the song-line, have also been recorded. It was amazing how dense these related artefact scatters were. According to the Aboriginal Heritage Branch, one of the stone tool scatters, that was recorded, was the most dense scatter recorded in South Australia! Some very dense stone hearth sites have also been recorded.
In the opening class of ARCH8517 The Archaeology of Australian Stone Artefacts, we were fortunate enough to have Eirik Thorsgaard, from the Confederated Tribes of Grand Ronde in Oregon, and a PhD student at Flinders, demonstrate the principles of knapping. Everyone stood around (in goggles of course!), spellbound as Eirik reduced cores into bifaces and other retouched artefact types.
Our intrepid Technical Officer Louise Holt sends these pictures from the Chile Field School. She reports that the food is good, and the Chilean wine is great.
As my directed study is almost finished, I thought it worth my while, and of course yours, to publicly acknowledge the people who help and influenced my major project.
Beginning of course with The Ngadjuri Walpa Juri Land and Heritage Association, whom, without their support, I would never have been able to undertake such an interesting project. Vincent Branson, chairperson of Ngadjuri heritage, who has encouraged me throughout and who has had to put up with an endless series of emails, signatures, meetings, fact checking, phone calls, reassurance, etc during the course of the project. My supervisor Emily Jateff, who has shown an enormous amount of patience, and Dr Amy Roberts for her initial help and input. All the people who assisted me with collections, Helen Hopper and Ali Abdullah-Highfold of the South Australian Museum Archive, Suzy Russell at the State Library of South Australia, Mountford-Sheard collection, Laura Winslow at the State Records Office Aboriginal Access Team and Lyn Coad at the native title services of South Australia. Of course Rob Williams who offered supervision whilst I was searching the archives and my uncle Wayne Rosser for the use of his computer and editorial help. All the people who commented on my posts, it gave my posts so much purpose and was incredibly rewarding.
Furthermore, I think these acknowledgments of thanks should also be extended to the old man himself, Barney Warrior, whose past actions have profoundly influenced the lives of the present Ngadjuri people, and indeed many others…..
One of the most time-consuming aspects of my directed study has been the endless need for letters signed by my industry partner, both supporting my research and authorising my access to archival material. Whilst this process is time-consuming for both myself and undoubtedly for my industry partner alike, it is inherently important and part and parcel of any research, such as mine. So far these letters have granted me permission to view and survey material that has been stored in such places as, the Tindale collection in the South Australian Museum Archives, The Mountford – Sheard Collection housed in the State Library and Collections held in The State Archives and Native Title Services. The reasons for permissions and support lie in the nature of material I have been consulting with and the subject matter I am being exposed to. Continue reading