Directed Study: SANTS Artefact Collection – Background and Repatriation

On behalf of the South Australia Native Title Services, the primary industry partner in this project, the aim for this directed study report is to research the ten general locations where a collection of stone artefacts are believed to have been found and then investigate methods of repatriation for this collection. Donated by people in Winchelsea, Victoria, this collection was given to the South Australia Native Title Services in August 1998 by a representative, Trevor Abrahams, from the Wathaurong Aboriginal Cooperative. This Indigenous Corporation is based in North Geelong, Victoria and the artefacts within the collection are clearly marked as South Australian. The person who collected the artefacts had some knowledge of stone tool, as can be seen by the labels containing type of tool categories and stone materials.

The ten locations vary in specificity, and are as follows:
· South Australian Desert
· Coongie Lakes
· Coober Pedy
· Young(s) Lagoon
· Wilpena
· Robe
· Beachport
· Southend
· Port McDonald (As Recorded)/ Port MacDonnell (SA)
· Mt Haywood (As Recorded)/ Mount Hayward (SA)/ Heywood (VIC)/ Mount Heywood (WA)

The Discussion/ Results/ Analysis section will be divided in two parts. The first half will be about the locations, including a map of South Australia showing the locations of the artefacts on a map, hopefully identifying any patterns. Each location will then be discussed separately. Topics of interest will include Traditional Owners, raw materials found nearby, well-known artefact types in the area, prior ethnographies, prior archaeological work, and environmental backgrounds. The second section will be about repatriation. This section will include a discussion about repatriation in general, and then focus more generally on stone tools. This section will cover options of repatriation, prior occurrences, issues and recommendations.

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